CHARDHAM YATRA


Chardham Yatra is the most popular spiritual yatra starting from April-May and continues till Oct-Nov every year in Uttarakhand India. This is the best time to visit Char Dhams and enjoy the scenic beauty of the environment and nature. It comprises of 4 destinations namely Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath.

According to Indian ancient stories, Himalaya is the place where Lord Shiva lives. The religious feelings and faith of Indian people in a lord Shiva attracts them to visit on these four religious places. The temples built on such locations are amazing and people having a huge belief in worshiping on these temples. From different places people regularly visit the temples of these four locations.The four holy places Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are full of beauty full places and their surroundings with high hills of Himalaya attract the people very much. These 4 places are having different values.

About Badrinath
Badrinath This holy town nestles at a height of 3,133 metres, at the site where a forest of Badri (berry) trees, known as the mythical Badrivan, once covered the area. Badrinath is approximately 50 ft (15 m) tall with a small cupola on top, covered with a gold gilt roof. The facade is built of stone, with arched windows. A broad stairway leads up to a tall arched gatewayis well-known as Lord Shiva temple. Badrinath temple is the key destination in Badrinath town. Here, a black stone impression of Lord Badrinarayan is made in the Alaknanda River. This river is also having the religious feelings in Hindu religion. The hot springs at this is the best examples of nature.

The great Nilkantha peak (6,558 metres) towers over the temple set deep down in the Alaknanda valley. The rulers of Garhwal built the present temple of Badrinarayan some two hundred years ago.

The original Badrinath shrine, built by the 9th century saint Shankara, has been re-built several times over due to damage from avalanches and snowfall.

Badrinath is located 301 km north of Rishikesh and 48 km from Joshimath. From Gaurikund (near Kedarnath) to Badrinath by road is 233 km. Badrinath is generally a two-day-long journey from either Kedarnath, the site that precedes it in the Char Dham circuit, or one of the main disembarkation points on the plains.The Badrinath temple opens only from May till October. It closes down for winter in November, when the deity is carried to Pandukeshwar for worship.

About Kedarnath
Kedarnath is also a Hindu holy place situated in Uttarakhand, India. It is revered as one of the 12 Jyotirlingams. It is situated in the Himalayas - the Rudra Himalaya range. The Rudra Himalaya range is also known as the Pancha Parvata; its five peaks are Rudra Himalaya, Vishnupuri, Bhramapuri, Udgari-Kanth and Swargarohini. Kedarnath is 3584 meters above the sea level. The river Mandakini is present here, which also have the region's values. The breathtaking snow-capped peaks are wonderful to watch from this town. Visiting the Kedarnath Temple is also a different experience of life. It is the popular destination for Hindu pilgrims. Kedarnath is named in honor of King Kedar who ruled in the Satya Yuga.

According to legends, the Pandavas came to Kedarnath to pray Lord Shiva after great battle of Kurukshetra to atone for killing their own near and dear ones in the war. It is said that Lord Shiva kept eluding the Pandavas and sought refuge at Kedarnath in the form of a bull. On being pursued, he plunged into the ground, with his hump exposed on the earth. Legends has it that his arms surfaced at Tungnath, his face at Rudranath, belly at Madmaheshwar, his locks and head at Kalpeshwar. These spots where he reappeared form the Panch Kedar. It is believed that four of the Pandavas died on the last of these peaks.

About Gangotri
Gangotri is another town situated in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand state, India. This Hindu pilgrim place is located on the banks of the canal Bhagirathi. The height of this town is more than 3,100 meters from the sea level. Gangotri glacier is the source destination of River Ganga, and it is the one of the four valuable sites of Char Dham. The well-known river Bhagirathi is the source which acquired the name Ganga from Devprayag. Then it meets the Alaknanda River. The starting point of this holy river is at Gaumukh, which is set in Gangotri Glacier. This one spot of char dham is easily reachable from Rishikesh as it will take just one-day journey.

There is a temple dedicated to Goddess Ganga and the sacred stone where King Bhagirath is believed to have worshipped Lord Shiva. There is a natural Shivlinga submerged in the river (It is believed that Lord Shiva received the Ganges here).

About Yamunotri
Yamunotri is the center from where the river Yamuna starts. It is also a valuable place among four char dham spots. Yamunotri is also known as the seat of the Goddess Yamuna. This place is situated at a good height of 3,293 meters from the sea level. The major place to visit at Yamunotri is the temple dutiful to the Goddess Yamuna. The thermal springs at Janki Chatti are also a finest example of natural beauty. The real source of Yamuna River is from the ice-covered lake and glacier located on the Kalind Hills. Approach to the extreme height of the hill is impossible hence reaching the temple is quite enough for visitors. The main spot for a tourist is a temple of Yamuna, which was constructed by Maharaja Pratap Shah.

Yamunotri is very picturesque with beautiful views of a number of waterfalls. There are two trekking routes from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri, the one along the right bank proceeds via the Markandeya Tirth, where the sage Markandeya wrote the Markandeya Purana, the other route which lies on the left bank of the river goes via Kharsali, from where Yamunotri is a five or six hours climb away. Two hot springs are also present at Yamunotri offering relief to tired hikers at a height of 3,292 metres (10,801 ft), Surya Kund, has boiling hot water, while Gauri Kund, had tepid water suitable for bathing. The Yamunotri temple is a full day's journey from Uttarakhand's main towns - Rishikesh, Haridwar or Dehradun
 

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